Mississippi History Now Mississippi Historical SocietySite ToolsSponsorsEditorial Advisory Staff
Back Home Lesson Plan

Mushulatubbee and Choctaw Removal: Chiefs Confront a Changing World lesson plan

OVERVIEW

When individuals assume leadership roles in society, they understand an aspect of public life is examination of their own behavior. Every leader in their day has had their behavior scrutinized. In times of controversy, leaders come under more public scrutiny than at any other time in their lives. Mushulatubbee was a Choctaw leader who was certainly forced to deal with difficult circumstances. The removal of American Indians from their land is one of the most controversial decisions made in the history of our nation. The leaders involved in the removal process can serve as an opportunity of evaluation. It will give us a better understanding of the difficulty experienced in reaching a compromise or dealing with a conflict, for they both certainly still exist in society today.

CURRICULAR CONNECTIONS

Mississippi Studies Framework: Competencies 1 and 3.

TEACHING LEVELS

Grades 7 through 9

MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT

Overhead projector

Transparency film and overhead projector pen

Blank paper

Rulers

Pen or pencil

Notebook paper

Colored pencils and markers

Computer (optional)

Mississippi History Now article, “Mushulatubbee and the Choctaw Removal: Chiefs Confront a Changing World”

OBJECTIVES

Students will:

Determine the causes and effects of Choctaw Removal, which will be recorded on a student-created chart.

Evaluate Mushulatubbee’s performance as a Choctaw leader by creating a historical report card.

OPENING THE LESSON

Explain to the students that teachers evaluate their performance on a daily basis. Report cards, progress reports, and graded papers are evidence of this evaluation process. Most jobs in today’s society require that individuals be evaluated. This evaluation could determine a person’s pay raise or promotion. Employers must be able to justify their decisions in today’s world in order to ensure fairness in the work place. An employer who demonstrates fairness and the making of rational decisions is a leader who receives respect. Historical figures can also be evaluated in order to serve as role models to leaders at any stage of their life in society today. Inform students that they will have an opportunity to evaluate the performance of a historical figure in class. The historical figure that they will evaluate had to make very difficult decisions that did not please everyone. Even today, leaders understand that not everyone will support there solutions to problems nor share their perceptions of the problems.

DEVELOPING THE LESSON

1.

The students will construct a chart based on objective one. A suggested title for the chart is Choctaw Removal. The chart should have two columns entitled Causes and Effects. The students should use the Mississippi History Now article to complete the chart. You may have the students work individually or with a partner.

2.

The teacher will conduct a class discussion on the causes and effects of Choctaw Removal. The teacher will ask students to volunteer answers from their charts. The teacher will record the student responses on an overhead transparency. This will allow individual students to check their answers and record additional information.

3.

The teacher will now tell the students that they will have an opportunity to evaluate Mushulatubbee’s performance as a leader and in the handling of the Choctaw Removal. The teacher will instruct the students to create a “report card” for Mushulatubbee that is similar to the example. The example shows suggestions for areas of evaluation (subjects).

MUSHULATUBBEE'S REPORT CARD

SUBJECT

GRADE

COMMENTS

Leadership Skills

 

 

Organization and Planning

 

 

Community Relations

 

 

Treatment of Others

 

 

Contribution to History

 

 

4.

The students will use information from the Mississippi History Now article to justify their evaluation. Next to each grade, have students justify the grade with a three or four sentence explanation. The students may create this assignment on the computer or design it by using unlined paper. Colored pencils and markers can be used to decorate the “report card.” The students can work individually on this assignment or work with a partner.

CONCLUDING THE LESSON

The students will share their “report cards” with the class.

The teacher will ask the class the following questions:

1.

What were some of the reasons why the Choctaw were forced west of the Mississippi River?

2.

How did the Removal affect the Choctaws?

3.

Describe the decisions made by Mushulatubbee.

4.

Why is it necessary to evaluate someone’s job performance?

ASSESSING STUDENT LEARNING

1.

Charts

2.

Participation in class discussion

3.

Historical report cards

EXTENDING THE LESSON

1.

Students can research the Trail of Tears and compose journal entries about the experience. Several viewpoints could be used in this assignment — Choctaw Indians, U.S. Army.

2.

Students can research the various treaties negotiated by the U.S. government and the Choctaws. They can write and perform a dramatization of the event.

3.

Students can stage a debate about the Indian Removal Act that might have taken place in the 1800s. Debates can also be staged among various Choctaw leaders.

Back Home Back to Top Return to Feature

Mississippi Historical Society © 2000–2016. All rights reserved.